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Archipelago (Ark): CAIDA's active measurement infrastructure serving the network research community since 2007.

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Median RTT per country and US state

Use the following link to download the data used to render this graph in ASCII, comma-separated values format here: (CSV output)

Description

These graphs show the median round-trip times (RTTs) from the probing monitor to various countries (and US states). The country/state is obtained via NetAcuity for each hop's IP address. All RTTs to that country/state are collected and the median is calculated and assigned a color (with a maximum displayed value of 1000ms). The location of the monitor is indicated by a black box on the maps.

Motivation

By looking at the country/state level differences in RTT, we can see how political boundaries can contribute to changes in packet transmission speed.

Background

The round trip time for a (IP level) hop is the time (in milliseconds) that it takes for a packet to be sent from an Ark monitor to that hop and for that hop's response to be received by the monitor. Non-responding hops are ignored, and hops in a routing loop are removed.

Analysis

In general, one will expect to have the lowest median RTTs in the country that hosts the Ark monitor, with RTTs increasing slowly with geographic distance. However, some countries will have significantly higher median RTTs, which indicates that the slower speed is due to infrastructural issues. If these only occur transiently, they point towards a misconfiguration or temporary failure instead of a systemically slower network.