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IPv4 BGP Geopolitical Analysis

The worldwide distribution of Internet resources and address space is highly non- uniform. We present an analysis comparing five demographic measures against three measures of Internet resources, stratified by continent with substratification by country. We found that two continents and one country consume a much larger share of Internet resource allocation than predicted by their demographic measures of size.

[Factbook] [BGP] [RouteViews] [NetGeo]


  • area - total geographic area (land mass)
  • population - total population
  • GDP - Gross Domestic Product
  • telephones - primary telephone lines in use
  • ISPs - Internet Service Providers, companies that provide Internet connectivity for their customers
  • ASes - autonomous systems, the units of router policy (either single networks or groups of networks) representing a single administrative entity and controlled by a common network administration. The Internet is a collection of ASes.
  • prefixes - slices of Internet address space which can be independently routed
  • addresses - the absolute number of addresses that are inside of a country's set of prefixes



    [BGP] K. Lougheed and Y. Rekhter., RFC 1106, "Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)"
    [Factbook] CIA -- The World Factbook
    [RouteView] Meyer, D. University of Oregon Route Views Project.
    [NetGeo] Moore, D., R. Periakaruppan, J. Donohoe, and K.C. Claffy. "Where in the World is"


    This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Numbers 9996248 and 9211092.

    Additional Content

    IPv6 BGP Geopolitical Analysis

    Analysis of distribution of IPv6 addresses, prefixes, and ASes reveals significant contrasts to previous analyses of IPv4 address space.

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